Voices- Introduction, Definition, Types, Rules, Examples | Active Voice and Passive Voice

By | July 16, 2018
Voices- Introduction

Moreover, In grammar we have very interesting topic with us i.e; Voices. However, The voices of the verb describes the relationship between the action or the state that the verb expressed and the participants identified by its arguments(subject, object). Thus, Voice is sometimes called diathesis.

Moreover, There are two types of Voices.

Types of Voices:

1. Active Voice:

However, When the subject itself is achieved in the sentence then it is ‘Active Voice’ or is in ‘Active form.’ Moreover, The active is most commonly used in sentences. Thus, It represents the “Normal case” in which the subject of the verb is agent.

Voices- Introduction

2.  Passive Voice:

However, When the object is active in a sentence or objects work like subject then the sentence is in Passive Voice.

Moreover, Only those verbs can be converted into passive voice which have objects and verb’s effect on subject. Thus, These verbs are called transitive verbs.

Present Indefinite Tense

Is/are/am + V 3rd

Past Indefinite Tense

Was/were +  V 3rd

Future Indefinite Tense

Will/shall +be+ V 3rd

Present Continuous Tense

Is/are/am + Being + V 3rd

Past Continuous Tense

Was/were + being +V 3rd

Future Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense

Has/have +been+ V 3rd

Past Perfect Tense

Had+ been+ V 3rd

Future Perfect Tense

Will/shall + have + been + V 3rd

Present Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Conversation of Active voice into passive voice according to Tenses:

1. Simple Present Tense:

However, the forms used are: (Is/are/am) + V 3rd

Example:

1. Act- Ram teaches me.

Pas- I am taught by Ram.

2. Act- I teach you.

Pas- You are taught by me.

3. Act- His father teaches this boy.

Pas- This boy is taught by his father.

4. Act- She does not like you.

Pas- You are not liked by her.

5. Act- I don’t like you.

Pas- You are not liked by me.

6. Act- She does not like me.

Pas- I am not liked by her.

7. Act- Teacher does not teach him .

Pas- He is not taught by teacher.

8. Act- Do you like me?

Pas- Am I liked by you?

9. Act- Does she like you?

Pas- Are you liked by her?

10. Act- Who teaches you English?

Pas- By whom you are taught English?

2. Simple Past Tense:

Moreover, the forms used are: (Was, were) + V 3rd

Example:

1. Act- Ram taught me.

Pas- I was taught by Ram.

2. Act- Ram did not teach me.

Pas- I was not taught by Ram.

3. Act- Who taught me?

Pas- By whom I was taught?

4. Act- Teacher did not teach them.

Pas- They were not taught by teacher.

5. Act- Teacher taught them.

Pas- They were taught by teacher.

6. Act- Did teacher teach them?

Pas- Were they taught by teacher?

7. Act- What did teacher teach them?

Pas- What was taught by teacher to them?

3. Simple Future Tense:

However, the forms used are: (will/shall) be+ V 3rd

Example:

1. Act -Ram will play the match.

Pas- The match will be played by Ram.

2. Act- Mr. Sharma will teach me.

Pas- I shall be taught by Mr. Sharma.

3. Act- What did teacher teach them?

Pas- What was taught by teacher to them?

4. Present Continuous Tense:

Moreover, the forms used are: (is/are/am) + being + V 3rd

Examples:

1. Act- Mr. Sharma is teaching me.

Pas- I am being taught by Mr. Sharma.

2. Act- Mr. Sharma is teaching him.

Pas- He is taught Mr. Sharma.

3. Act- Mr. Sharma is teaching them.

Pas- They are taught by Mr. Sharma.

4. Act- What are they writing?

Pas- What is being written by them.

5. Act- They are not playing football.

Pas- Football is not being played by them.

5. Past Continuous Tense:

However, the forms used are: (was/were)= being + V 3rd

Example:

1. Act- Mr. Sharma was teaching me.

Pas- I was being taught by Mr. Sharma.

2. Act- Mr. Sharma was teaching them.

Pas- They were being taught by Mr. Sharma.

3. Act- They were not helping you.

Pas- You were not being helped by them.

4. Act- Who was helping you?

Pas- By whom you were helped?

6. Present Perfect Tense:

Moreover, the forms used are: (has/have) + been + V 3rd

Example:

1. Act- Mr. Sharma has taught me.

Pas- I have been taught by Mr. Sharma

2. Act- Mr. Sharma has taught him.

Pas- He has been taught by Mr. Sharma.

3. Act- We have not completed our home work.

Pas- Our homework is not completed by us.

4. Act- Have you posted the letter.

Pas- Has the letter been posted by you?

5. Act- Who has not done the work?

Pas- By whom has the work not been done?

7. Past Perfect Tense:

Moreover, the forms used are: had + been + V 3rd

Example: 

1. Act- Mr. Sharma had taught me before I left the class.

Pas- I had been taught by Mr. Sharma before I left the class.

2. Act- The patient had taken the medicine before the doctor came.

Pas- The medicine had been taken by the patient before the doctor came.

8. Future Perfect Tense:

However, the forms used are: (will/shall) + have + been + V 3rd

Example:

1. Act- Mr. Sharma will taught me.

Pas- I will be taught by Mr. Sharma.

2. Act- They will have finished the syllabus by the end of the December.

Pas- The syllabus will have finished by them by the end of December.

3. Middle Voice:

Moreover, The middle voice is said to be in between Active and Passive voice because the subject often cannot be categorized as either agent or patient but may have elements of both.

Thus, Some other languages have middle Voices.

However, It can be transitive or intransitive. Thus, It can occasionally be used in a causative sense, such as “The father causes his son to be set free”, or “The father ransoms his son”.

Hence, In English Grammar, Moreover, there is no verb form for Middle voice.

Rules for Converting Voices:

1. Moreover, Objects are put at the place of subjects and subjects are put in the place of objects.

2. However,  V 3rd is used with helping verbs.

3. Thus, Only transitive verbs can be changed into passive.

4. Subject – I, we, You, they, She, He, It.

    Object –  Me, Us, You, Them, Her, Him, It.

5. However,  The forms of Be- is, are, am, was, were, be, being, been.

(be, being, been) are used just after helping verbs.

6. Moreover, ‘By’ or any other preposition is used for passive.