Conditional Definition, Types, Examples | Conditional Definition and Examples

By | January 6, 2019
Conditionals- Introduction

However, Conditional tenses are used to speculate things about what could happen, what has already happened and what we wish would happen. Thus, Mostly, If is used to define conditionals.

Conditional Sentence Type Usage If clause verb tense Main clause verb tense
Zero However, it is used for describing General truth Simple Present Simple Present
Type 1

 

 

Moreover, it is used for A possible condition and its probable result

 

Simple Present Simple Future
Type 2 However, it is used for A hypothetical condition and its probable result Simple Past Present conditional and Present continuous conditional
Type 3 Moreover, it is used for An unreal past condition and its probable result in the past Past Perfect Perfect Conditional
Mixed Type However, it is used for An unreal past condition and its probable results in the present Past perfect Present conditional

Types of Conditionals:

1. The Zero Conditional:

Moreover, This conditional is used when the situation is real and possible. However, And when the time being to referred to is now or always. Thus, It is used to refer to “general truths”. However, The tense in both the types of the sentence are Simple present. Moreover, While framing a sentence, ‘If’ can be replaced with ‘when.’

However, some of the Examples are :

  1. 1. If it rains, the mud gets wet.
  2. 2. If you heat ice, it melts.
  3. 3. If you are naughty, Then you will be punished.
  4. 4. Meet me here, if we get separated.

Conditionals- Introduction

2. Type 1 Conditional:

However, These Conditionals are used to refer to present or the future where the situation is real. Moreover, It is always used for a possible situation and thus its possible results. Thus, In such sentences the if clause is in simple present and moreover, the main clause is in simple future.

Moreover, some of the Examples are:

  1. I will be mad, if Riya is late again.
  2. If you drop that cup, it will break.
  3. You should go, If she calls you.
  4. If it rains, You will get wet.

3. Type 2 Conditional:

Moreover, These conditionals are used to refer to a unreal situation or refer to a time that is now or any time. Thus, These sentences are not based on real facts. However, It is used to refer to a hypothetical condition and thus, its probable results. Thus, In this type 2 conditionals, Thus, The if clause uses the simple past and thus, the main clause uses the present conditionals.

Thus, some of the Examples are:

  1. If he fell, He would hurt himself.
  2. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.
  3. I would give up smoking, If I were you.
  4. We might buy a larger house if we had more money.

4. Type 3 Conditional:

However, This type of conditionals are used to define a time that was in past and a situation that is contrary to reality. Thus, The facts are opposite of what is expressed. Moreover, The type 3 Conditional is used to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable past results. However, The if clause is used to refer to a past perfect and thus, the main clause is uses the perfect conditional.

However, some of the Examples are:

  1. If she called you, you could go.
  2. I would have been happy, if you called me on my birthday.
  3. You would have gotten wet if it had rained.
  4. If you hadn’t lied to me before, I would have believed you.

5. Mixed type Conditional:

Moreover, This type of conditional is used to refer to a time that is in the past and the situation which is ongoing in the present. Thus, The facts which is expressed within this condition is opposite to what is expressed. However, Mostly, it is referred for a unreal past condition and its probable results in the present. However, The if clause is used within the past perfect and thus, the main clause is used for present conditional.

Moreover, some of the Examples are:

  1. If you had crashed the car, you might be in trouble.
  2. I would have a better job now if I had worked harder at school.
  3. If I was a good cook, I’d have invited them to lunch.
  4. You would be dead now if you had caught that plane.

Hence, These are the Conditionals which are available to you in English grammar. Thus,  You can use these conditionals while framing a sentence.